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tv   DW News  PBS  September 1, 2015 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT

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captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org >> this is "dw news" from berlin. crowds of migrants are stranded outside the railway station demanding to be let in. hungarian authorities say they will register every refugee and send back any economic migrants. we have the latest. the preferred destination for many of the migrants is germany. we'll take you to munich where the first trains load received a welcoming reception. police remove protestors trying to occupy a government building. activists staged a sit-in to demand the minister's
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resignation over a rift that has ripped the capital. anchor: thank you very much for joining us. in budapest, night has fallen outside the main train station and want to take trains to austria and germany. hungary was letting the migrants move on. plans to move them to processing centers where they can be registered. we have this report from buddha pest. >> frustrated -- budapest. they are making themselves heard. they have gathered at the train station in budapest to protest the hungarian government's decision to remove them from the station and catch them from
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boarding trains to other european countries. 100 police are making sure they don't enter the building and they are prepared to use force. >> you got my son. pushing them. >> we are going towards germany. no taxi, no train. reporter: the police cleared the train station during the morning and partly shut it down. after an hour passengers with tickets were allowed in, but not the migrants. the hungarian government insists they are following e.u. regulations. >> the police told me. we don't have train. we have other country help you. why? i buy tickets.
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there's the ticket. i buy ticket. what he said, i don't have train. reporter: the sudden change of course has taken the migerapts by surprise and left them in limbo. the government has defended its policies and accuses some european leaders of acting against european values and interests on questions of migration. anchor: what is the hungarian's plan to deal with the migrants and refugees stranded in the country? we asked our correspondent in budapest. >> the hungarian government has been behaving in a cre contradick tower manner. they didn't let any one on the trains. they opened it up and shut it down. we are back to square one. we know that the hungarian government does not want these refugees in the country and they don't want to stay here. they want to go to germany where
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they expect to build a new future for themselves, but at the same time. they say they respect e.u. law. going to fingerprint each of these refugees. that's something they have not really done so far. they didn't really care if the refugees left on their way from the border to budapest. that's something they will have to change and have to be more welcoming to the refugees if they want to be part of an e.u. immigration policy. anchor: now, it was a much different reception for refugees who have breached germany, where they were welcomed with open arms. there, authorities were prepared with supplies and assistance for the migrants, many of whom are exhausted from syria and other war-torn countries. reporter: more people arrived in
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munich, mothers, fathers and children. no idea what their future holds. they have lost almost everything, except for hope. >> look for work or something. i don't know. in syria, no life. here, i have chance. reporter: the influx of people is testing this city's resources. with no space left in the train station, police have shut off an adjacent square, but it filled up quickly, too. munich has stepped up to the challenge. first day it helped to provide food and water for the new arrivals. only temporary measures, but every bit helps. >> we are trying to give the refugees a humanitarian welcome pwater and food and also trying
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to arrange for onward transportation. reporter: locals have offered their support. many residents organized a warm welcome. >> we want to continue until politicians are saying we are taking over and even so we want to help until the situation normalizes again. migrants awriting in munich are being housed in reception centers and ensures that they have at least a roof over their heads. in the days to come, the city must make space for many more expected to arrive. anchor: how should europe be dealing with all of these asylum seekers? that was the question between merkel and spain in berlin. they urged the commission to come up with proposals to help europe resolve this crisis. reporter: the crisis was set to be at the center of talks but
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the e.u.'s unfolding migration crisis. germany and spain agreed for all member states to act. >> i think we should now work towards a common policy. exactly as discussed with spain. so instead of other, actually change something. reporter: chancellor merkel is calling for asylum centers. and fair distribution of migrants within europe. the prime minister agreed to the suggestions but signaled spain's support would be conditional. the situation in every country must be carefully assessed. how many migrants are already in the country and how strong is the economy, how high is unemployment. reporter: the leaders are urging the european commission to come
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up with a new plan to help countries cope with the influx of migrants. until now, e.u. member states had to deal with migrants entering their borders alone. chancellor merkel wants to help them integrate more quickly in germany, but that will be costly. for 2016, after of these measures would require somewhere between 1.8 and 3.3 billion euros. the german state of bavaria is focusing on sending back those. hundreds of migrants from the balkan region are being accommodated here. after the applications have been processed, they can almost certainly be sent back to their home countries. anchor: let's get more on the e.u. response to this crisis. our correspondent is standing by
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in brussels. a lot of talk from european leaders, but where is the action, what is being done to put an end to this chaos? reporter: depends on who we are looking to. the european union and we have european institutions and the commission has opened 36 infringement procedures against countries who don't fulfill their obligations. they usually end in penalties. but the real power, they want to make more proposals but the real power and competence lies with the member states. if we look at those, it seems among many, a madness had taken hold. they disregard all the rules. and refugees are shouldn'ted across europe wouldn't countries talking to their neighbors. the whole thing is a rather sorry sight.
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anchor: do you get the sense from lawmakers there that they are concerned about europe's reputation. it is known as an alliance of free and open societies. one would not expect that refugees would be treated in such a way. reporter: logicically they should not be treated this way and look at the european rules and the european values, they cannot be treated in this way, but we see those pictures from hungary and it is really contradict other and some countries say we need a common solution and other countries are being totally obstructtive, particularly the eastern european countries. the german vice chancellor has said the eastern european countries want to take european money but deny european
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pwhat we are looking at here isa real crisis not only in policy making but in european values. anchor: give us a report card then. let's call out some people or countries that are not handling this situation very well. what is the holdup in getting a comprehensive place, in place, just preefl? reporter: it comes from budapest. it comes from other eastern countries. it comes from poland and balkan states and comes from great britain where hysterical debate about migerapts has opened up now. so it will be very difficult to come to a solution this fall. angela merkel wants to take up political leadership, will have a very hard time. anchor: thank you. we have been hearing a lot about
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syrian refugees, but many come from africa, fleeing war, ethnic persecution or seeking a better life. sometimes there are cases where that life is not better. the challengeses are great for young women who may fall victim to criminal gangs who have developed networks across europe. reporter: pamela kept close of the money she earned back in italy. she gave it all to her parents. pamela is hiding her true identity. she says she was worked to work the streets to pay off her debts. after work, her pimp locked her in a small room so she couldn't run away. >> each time whenever i was "on the road," i cried, i called on god to help me. i was forced to do it. it wasn't very easy and made me
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feel very bad. reporter: the police arrested pamela last year then deported her back to nigeria. a church organization now provides her room and board. >> i'm ashamed to go back home because i left in order to help my family and i came back empty handed. because of that, i'm ashamed to go back to my family, even to go to my parents. reporter: this city is located in an embleak part of southern nigeria. living conditions are hard. young people can't find jobs. a large number of families live off the money sent from europe. >> most of the young women have
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a completely wrong idea of life in europe. often, the women themselves take the first step to approach traffickers frfment then on, they are at their mercy. >> traditional temples can be found. they believe in the power of the right youals. smugglers force them to see a priest. they are made to swear an oath to repay the money it cost to smuggle them to europe. the temples' priest won't say he performed it, but he says god's wrath rains down on those who break an oath. >> once in denial, the person will die. if we say he will die, within seven days he will die by thunder bolt bolt. reporter: pamly hoped to find a better life. she hopes others can learn from
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mistakes. anchor: we have to take a short one-minute break. you are watching "dw news." stay with us.
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anchor: welcome back. you are with "dw news." hungary has blocked hundreds of migrants from boarding trains in budapest as they try to get to western europe. crowds are stranded outside the city's main station. they will register refugees individually and send back any they believe to be economic migrants. protests have continued into the night in beirut after police ejected activists who had occupied the environment ministry. protestors clashed with police after the sit-in. it was the latest attempt by the
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you stink movement to force the city to deal with the garbage crisis. they have treated people with light wounds. the standoff is the most serious protest seen in lebanon in years. let's get more on all of this, martin joins us on the line from beirut. is there a lot of momentum behind this movement because it shore sounds like there is? reporter: there is a momentum behind it. it started just three or four weekends ago with just 40 people standing in front of the main square in beirut. it is often said that lebanon didn't have its own arab spring but this is the closest we have gotten to it today. it was a very good day for the movement itself. the government is learning that
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the p.r. failure of repeatedly beating its people is playing into their hands. they are planning more protests and tomorrow will have another protest. anchor: give us a sense of what is planned with those protests. will it be peaceful or do you have a sense that they are getting frustrated and take it to the next level there? reporter: there is always a danger. they are trying to keep it as peaceful as possible because once it starts to get violent, then the police and the government and the they could always argue that they need to use more force to control the people who are protesting. anchor: martin, thank you very much for the update. time now for some business news and monica joins us with the latest. what is going on? reporter: we look at greece again, because greece's
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financial woes continue as the government still has some capital controls in place to allow greece to repay. together with upcoming elections, agrees' retailer associations says the summer sales are down making it the weakest season in years. reporter: greeks are buying less, the result of a three-week bank closure and cash withdrawal cap. >> the three months during the summer period had the result of huge decrease between 30 and 45% in the consumer goods. reporter: retail sales were down by 1.1 billion euros in july and august, demands for food and fuel is expected to rise.
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consumers rushed to buy the basics in recent months worried that economic uncertainty would lead to shortages. austerity and political instability make it likely that consumer confidence will remain low for the foreseeable future. reporter: not many smiles at the stock market these days. august was a rough month for investors and september hasn't started off on a promising note. they recovered slightly. and shanghai composite indecks tumbled 5%. and tokyo closed nearly 4% lower. across the atlantic, u.s. stocks also headed south. we want to take a closer look at what's going on across the atlantic and turn to our correspondent there on wall
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street. looks like china sneezes and the rest of the world has the flu. reporter: china was the trigger here for the first trading day in september. we get the weak numbers from the manufacturing area and there is a certain fear. we got numbers out of south korea where exports plunged almost by 15%, also seen as a sign that china there as an importer of korean goods is struggling. and we are seeing other economies brazil and japan depending on what's going on. so that was the trigger why we saw quite a selloff here in new york. reporter: china alone would be enough to get everyone worried, but we have oil. yesterday prices went up and today they are down. iran wants to go ahead returning to the oil market.
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the russian ruble is suffering and any stability in sight? reporter: not really. we saw oil prices plunging about 8% in the tuesday session. so it is a pretty wild ride we are seeing. also coming down to china being one of the big consumers of oil should the economy not do as well as expected. it could mean less demand and we have to look forward when it comes to supplies from opec countries and also out of the united states. a lot of turbulence. and if, for example, we might see an interest rate increase, we don't know yet, that could drive a higher dollar and means lower commodity prices. we are in for a pretty wild ride. reporter: as we have you here right now with us on wall
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street, we had a flurry of u.s. data. anything that sets the house on fire? reporter: not necessarily on fire, but there is a little warning sign because we had manufacturing data that came in the lowest in about two years. and it shows that in the u.s. also that not everything is picture perfect. reporter: thank you very much for this. the navy investors would like to invest because it can be a money spinoff after first class passengers after the ill-fated titanic ate lamb and custard pudding. the last luncheon menu is expected to fetch up more or fetching more than 60,000 euros in an online auction.
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reporter: this was hours before the world's most majestic cruise liner sank. those who survived couldn't save much more than the clothes they had on or what was in their pockets. some of these items are now worth a fortune. >> what makes these realics so collectible is there is so few of them. almost all the people went down with the ship. anybody that was rescued could take what they had stuffed in their pockets. >> a weighing ticket from the turkish baths. today it's about a buyer's wealth. >> there are such buyers and collectors throughout the world, not just the united states or in england or ireland, but as far as china, the middle east, australia, it is a story that grips people's imaginations
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regardless of where they are. >> the titanic's legacy lives on, framed in a collector's home. anchor: officials in ukraine said that a third police officer has now died after clashes outside the national parliament on monday. lawmakers approved a controversial draft law greating greater autonomy to separatists in the east. it is the worst violence in kiev in more than a year. the rest of the country is seeing a halt in fighting. they agreed to hold their fire for the start of the new school year. reporter: it's the first day for these children and first day of a new ceasefire. there are high hopes that the peace will hold. >> i feel pretty calm. i believe in peace.
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reporter: the message from kiev was that the ceasefire would remain in place. yesterday, security forces commemorated the three victims of monday's unrest in the capital. on a visit to the hospital, the president promised to severely punish those behind the attacks. >> we want to demonstrate to the whole world that the ukrainians are responsible. russia do not do anything. reporter: there appeared to be little room for reconciliation on board an american destroyer. there was an announcement that the president would sign a new doctrine. for the first time in the history of our independence, there is a clearly defined enemy and agressor, the russian federation. it seems that skepticism, vigilance and mistrust will
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accompany the first day of a much longed ceasefire. anchor: a reminder of the top stories we are following for you. hungary has blocked migrants from boarding trains. all wanting to get to western europe. authorities are saying they plan to register all of the refugees individually and send back any so-called economic migrants. you are watching "dw news."
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announcer: "euromaxx highlights" and here is your host, meggin leigh. meggin: hi, everyone, and welcome to our "highlights" show, where we bring you the latest and greatest picks of the week. here's a look at what we've got in store for you today. wales is home to the world's longest man-made surfable wave, edvard munch's painting "the scream" still fascinates art lovers, and scenic landscapes, germany's black forest is among germany's most popular travel destinations. europe in summer is boasting an abundance of outdoor festivals. you really have your choice, from opera and rock, to movies, beer, and food, and how about a

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